Jan Pinborg: Logik und Semantik im Mittelalter

Ein Überblick.

problemata 10
276 p., 14,8 x 20,5 cm.
ISBN 978-3-7728-0336-9
Single price:
€ 58.–

The logical and semantical theories of the Middle Ages originate in the interpretation and explication of the Aristotelian texts. Their development can be seen as a movement towards a purer Aristotelian and empiricist approach to logic, as against the more Platonic and rationalist interpretations of the Logica vetus. The discovery of the complete Aristotelian Organon during Abelard’s time, the consistent Aristotelian philosophy of science in Aquinas and Boethius of Dacia as well as the the clear-cut distinction between logical order and reality in the writings of Ockham and his contemporaries are all important steps in this direction. The Aristotelian concept substance, which in spite of its inherent contradictions remained the base of medieval logic, is one of the main reasons why the Middle Ages have never accomplished a consistent semantic theory not a completely formal logical calculus. The growing empiricism, however, did never diminish the interest in the formal relations between logical entities. – Some of the problems discussed in the Middle Ages, e.g. the relations between logic, linguistics, and ontology or those between technical and ordinary language, are still of great interest to the modern debate.


Philosphische Rundschau

»Es ist nun Pinborgs Verdienst, [...] unter besonderer Betonung der Semantik im weiteren Sinne die eigentliche Leistungen der mittelalterlichen Logik herauszuarbeiten. [...] Es ist [...] ein bedeutsames Buch, gelehrt und hat ohne Zweifel seinen Platz in der Handbibliothek nicht nur des Mediävisten.«

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